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3.1.4 An Chang Ho, Kap Suk Cho and other workers at Riverside orange orchard

Group portrait of Korean citrus workers in an orange grove in Riverside, California.
Photographic Print
An Chang Ho, Kap Suk Cho and other workers at Riverside orange orchard, Undated. East Asian Library, University of Southern California, Korean American Digital Archive.

In addition to the people who owned orange groves, there were many, many more people who were needed for the successful planting, maintenance, and harvesting of the fruit. These laborers came from many different backgrounds, and some of them had recently moved to the United States from other countries. What are the laborers wearing or carrying in this photo? What does that tell you about the work that they did? How important do you think this work was to their livelihood (how they made a living)?

The laborers in this image include many Korean Americans. One of these men, Ahn Chang Ho, created an organization to support citrus laborers. Ahn Chang Ho also established a Korean town near the orange groves, where laborers and their families lived. A community such as this, made up of people who spoke the same language, ate similar foods, and shared a similar cultural heritage, helped encourage even more Korean Americans to settle in the citrus region of California.