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Tanakh, the Book of Genesis 1:14–15

The first five books of the Tanakh are the Torah. This is the most important part of the Tanakh. The first book is called Genesis, which means “the origin.” Genesis tells the story about God creating the world and everything in it, including the moon, the sun, and the stars that are to be used to determine the date.

Unknown
originally written around 450 BCE; translated in 1985
Book

Unknown. Genesis 1:14–15, New Jewish Publication Society of America Tanakh (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, translated 1985); originally written around 450 BCE.

The Hebrew Bible is called the Tanakh. It has three parts: the Torah, the Prophets, and Writings. It is written in Hebrew and records the religious ideas, rituals, and practices of Judaism (the Jewish religion) and the history of the Israelites. The stories, poetry, and ideas were passed down orally for many centuries. Separate parts of it were first written on scrolls beginning in the fifth century BCE, but they were all put together by the first century BCE. The first five books of the Tanakh are the Torah. This is the most important part of the Tanakh. The first book is called Genesis, which means “the origin.” Genesis tells the story about God creating the world and everything in it, including the moon, the sun, and the stars that are to be used to determine the date. Jews, Hebrews, and Israelites are all names for people who believed in Judaism. The terms Hebrews and Israelites are only used for ancient times; Jews for ancient and modern times. How does the source connect lights and time in this origin story? How does it compare to other origin stories that you know?

 

Besides introducing the Tanakh, which is the source of many of the text excerpts in this set, this source also shows Hebrew beliefs about how the cosmos was created. The most important part of the Tanakh is the Torah, or Pentateuch, which contains Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy. Although much of the material in the Tanakh was passed down orally for centuries, the official written version of the Torah was recorded in the fifth century BCE. Priests assembled the Tanakh over several centuries from a larger body of written material. It was put into its final form by the first century BCE. The source connects lights (by which it means the sun, moon, and stars) with time by stating that the lights are the signs to mark changes in time. To the other question, student answers will vary.

God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the sky to separate day from night; they shall serve as signs for the set times — the days and the years; and they serve as lights in the expanse of the sky to shine upon the earth.” And it was so.