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11.7.11 Alien laborer's identification card of Juan Contreras

An identification card for Juan Contreras Martinez that has been stamped twice. The document is in the Spanish language, and includes a small photograph of Martinez.
Martinez, Juan Contreras
1947
Document

Martinez, Juan Contreras."Alien laborer's identification card." 1947. Bracero History Archive, Item #915, http://braceroarchive.org/items/show/915

In 1942, the Mexican and the American governments established the Bracero Program, which encouraged Mexican contract laborers to come and work in the United States. Under this agreement, migrants were to be hired on short-term contracts and treated fairly. Under the Bracero Program, 300,000 Mexican laborers came to the United States. Most worked during the war as farm laborers, and others worked for the first time in factory jobs. Bracero workers were concentrated mainly in the West, which meant that Mexican American neighborhoods quickly expanded. The program continued after the war, and by the mid-1960s, nearly 5 million Mexicans had migrated north under the program, which would make the Latino population — especially in the Southwest — an increasingly powerful part of the economic and political landscape of the nation. Based on your view of these two primary sources, how do you think the Bracero Program, and the increase in Mexican immigration during the war, help us answer the question, How did World War II advance movements for equality?

In 1942, the Mexican and the American governments established the Bracero Program, which encouraged Mexican contract laborers to come and work in the United States. Under this agreement, migrants were to be hired on short-term contracts and treated fairly. Under the Bracero Program, 300,000 Mexican laborers came to the United States. Most worked as farm laborers during the war, and others worked for the first time in factory jobs. Bracero workers were concentrated mainly in the West, which meant that Mexican American neighborhoods quickly expanded. The program continued after the war, and by the mid-1960s, nearly 5 million Mexicans had migrated north under the program, which would make the Latino population — especially in the Southwest — an increasingly powerful part of the economic and political landscape of the nation. Ask students to find meaning in the Bracero Program documents and connect them to the larger question about World War II’s being a turning point by posing the following questions to them: Based on your view of these two primary sources, how do you think the Bracero Program, and the increase in Mexican immigration during the war, help us answer the question, How did World War II advance movements for equality?

Secretaria de Gobernacion
Comision Inter-Secretarial
Identificacion para Trabajadores Agricolas Mexicanos No. 7658; 214664
El Portador de la Presente Juan Contreras Martinez
Se Dirige a Los Estado Unidos de NorteAmerica, Amparado Con El Contrato de Tra-Bajo Num……Y
De Acuerdo Con El Arreglo Celebrado Entre Los Gobiernos de Mexico Y Estados Unidos, Para La Contratacion de Trabajadores Agricolas
Medica Filacion
Estatura 1.65 Mts
Color Moreno
Edad 26 Anos Cumplidos
Ojos Cafes
Estado Civil Casado
Pelo Negro
Senas Particulares Barra Partida
Lugar de Nacimiento Jiqulipan Mich.
Occupacion Campesino
Ultima Residencia Jiquilipan Mich.
Nombre Y Domicilio del Familiar Beneficiario En Case de Muerte Esposa Praxadeis Luna de Contreras
Professor Fajador #50 Jicuilipan Mic.
Irapuato GTO a 4 De Mayo de 1947
El Funcionario De La Inter-Secretarial Diego S. Filijgrana