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10.10b.10 Tuvalu Coastal Adaptation Project

Tuvalu Coastal Adaptation Project
2017 July 08
Excerpt From Website

Tuvalu Coastal Adaptation Project, News: "Government of Tuvalu Launches a New Coastal Protection Project," July 8, 2017, https://tcap.tv/news/2017/7/08/government-of-tuvalu-launches-new-coastal-protection-project

In 2017, two UN agencies, the UN Development Program (UNDP) and the Green Climate Fund (financed by the UN Climate Change department) joined together with the government of Tuvalu to launch the Tuvalu Coastal Adaptation Project (TCAP). This source is a press release (an article written by an organization to make an announcement to the media) published on the TCAP website. What are the goals of the project? Which party is contributing most of the money to the project? An example of an ecosystem-based initiative is planting mangrove trees that will protect beaches and shorelines.

Vocabulary:

Small Island Developing States (SIDS): These are a group of small island countries that have similar situations, such a small population, limited resources, exposure to sea level rise, and poverty. Their leaders form an interest group in the UN. The leader of a small, poor nation does not have much power transnationally, but joined together, the leaders of these 38 small nations have a greater voice and authority.

geo-textile: cloth used to make bags and other containers to hold earth and stabilize the soil

revetments: walls that protect dunes and rising shorelines

catalyze: make something happen; in this case, to help raise money for more work to protect the coasts

Help students navigate the multiple agencies of the UN without getting bogged down. The essential idea is that the UN is collecting contributions from member states into the Green Climate Fund and using the money to help Tuvalu build seawalls, mangrove swamps, and other protections for the coastlines. It is not enough to protect all the coasts of Tuvalu, as the project only covers three of the nine islands. The Green Climate Fund gives money to many other projects as well. Students should also recognize that national leaders band together into interest groups, such as the SIDS group, to enhance their clout transnationally. The TCAP website (tcap.tv) includes beautiful photographs of the archipelago and its people.

... [T]he Government of Tuvalu along with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has signed an agreement for a new climate resilience project that will benefit nearly 30 percent of the population. The seven-year project marks a transformational change in coastal protection for one of the world's smallest and most vulnerable countries.

The Tuvalu Coastal Adaptation Project is financed with a US$36 million grant from the Green Climate Fund and US$2.8 million in co-financing from the Government of Tuvalu. Existing coastal protection measures in Tuvalu are extremely limited. The project will increase protection works from around 570 meters of coverage today to 2,780 meters at the end of the project. ...

"This project adopts a comprehensive and systematic approach to managing coastal inundation and erosion. By protecting assets and infrastructure not only are we protecting peoples' lives and livelihoods; we are also supporting a Small Island Developing State like Tuvalu to advance the goals outlined in the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda and the Paris Agreement for low-carbon, climate-resilient growth," said UNDP Resident Representative Osnat Lubrani. ...

The project will build upon existing initiatives, using a range of measures for coastal protection including ecosystem-based initiatives, and geo-textile and rock revetments. National capacity for resilient coastal management will also be developed, and the project will help to catalyze additional coastal adaptation finance.

While new defense measures will act as a buffer during storms, the project will build the capacity of government officials and local communities. This includes an extension of the Government's existing scholarship program to provide support for students to study relevant disciplines, such as environmental science, civil and coastal engineering, oceanography, and meteorology ...